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Noun penalty has 4 senses
  1. punishment, penalty, penalization, penalisation - the act of punishing
    --1 is a kind of social control
    --1 has particulars:
     castigation, chastisement; corporal punishment; cruel and unusual punishment; detention; discipline, correction; economic strangulation; imprisonment; music, medicine; self-punishment; stick; penance, self-mortification, self-abasement
    Derived form: verb penalise1
  2. penalty - a payment required for not fulfilling a contract
    --2 is a kind of
    --2 has particulars:
     retribution, requital; forfeit, forfeiture; fine, mulct, amercement
  3. penalty - the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition; "neglected his health and paid the penalty"
    --3 is a kind of
    Antonyms: advantage, reward
  4. penalty - (games) a handicap or disadvantage that is imposed on a competitor (or a team) for an infraction of the rules of the game
    --4 is a kind of
    --4 has particulars: game misconduct
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